Claiborne County, TN Sinkhole Map
Claiborne County, TN FAQs
What is the history of Claiborne County, TN and what are its notable landmarks?
- located in northeastern Tennessee
- has a rich history that dates back to prehistoric times. Here’s a brief overview of the history of Claiborne County
Early Native American Inhabitants
- The area that is now Claiborne County was once inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Cherokee and Shawnee
- these indigenous peoples lived in the region for thousands of years before European settlers arrived.
- European settlers, mainly of English, Scottish, and Irish descent, began to settle in the area in the late 18th century
- officially established on October 29, 1801, and named after William C. C. Claiborne, a prominent politician and the first governor of the Mississippi Territory
Role in the Civil War
- like many parts of Tennessee, was deeply affected by the American Civil War (1861-1865). The county was divided, with residents supporting both the Union and Confederate causes
- witnessed several skirmishes and battles during the war, including the Battle of Tazewell in November 1861
Late 19th and early 20th centuries
- coal mining became a significant industry in Claiborne County
- was rich in coal reserves, and coal mines were established, providing employment opportunities for the local population and contributing to the county’s economic growth
Today, Claiborne County is a rural county with a diverse population that includes a mix of agriculture, manufacturing, and service industries. The county is known for its beautiful natural scenery, including the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, which attracts tourists and outdoor enthusiasts. Claiborne County’s history, with its early Native American inhabitants, European settlement, role in the Civil War, coal mining, and transportation development, has shaped its present-day identity and contributes to its cultural heritage.
What are its notable landmarks in Claiborne County?
- Cumberland Gap National Historical Park
- Located at the intersection of Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia, Cumberland Gap National Historical Park is a significant landmark in Claiborne County
- known for its scenic beauty, historic significance, and recreational opportunities
- encompasses over 24,000 acres of wilderness, including forests, caves, and rugged mountain terrain
- features historic sites, such as the Pinnacle Overlook, Hensley Settlement, and Gap Cave, which provide insights into the area’s history and early settlement
- Abraham Lincoln Library and Museum
- Located on the campus of Lincoln Memorial University in Harrogate, Claiborne County
- a prominent landmark that honors the legacy of the 16th U.S. President, Abraham Lincoln
- features an extensive collection of artifacts, documents, and memorabilia related to Lincoln’s life and presidency, including his early years, family, Civil War era, and assassination
- also house a research center for studying Lincoln’s life and times.
- Powell Valley Overlook
- Powell Valley Overlook is a scenic viewpoint located along U.S. Route 25E in Claiborne County
- offers panoramic views of the Powell Valley and the surrounding Appalachian Mountains
- The overlook provides a picturesque vantage point to appreciate the natural beauty of Claiborne County and the stunning landscape of the region.
- Historic Downtown Tazewell
- Tazewell, the county seat of Claiborne County
- features a historic downtown area that has preserved many of its original buildings, some of which date back to the 19th century
- known for its quaint charm, historic architecture, and unique shops and restaurants
- a notable landmark that offers a glimpse into the county’s past and its small-town atmosphere.
- Claiborne County Courthouse
- located in Tazewell, is a historic landmark that has been serving as the seat of county government since its construction in 1861
- an impressive example of Greek Revival architecture and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
- an important symbol of Claiborne County’s administrative history and architectural heritage.
- Historic Churches
- Old Bethel Baptist Church
- one of the oldest churches in the region which dates back to 1802
- Tazewell First Baptist Church
- established in 1839 and features historic architecture and stained glass windows
- Old Bethel Baptist Church
What are the recreational activities available in Claiborne County, TN?
- Outdoor Recreation: Claiborne County is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities. The county is home to numerous parks, forests, lakes, and rivers, providing ample opportunities for hiking, camping, fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing. Notable outdoor recreational areas in Claiborne County include Norris Lake, Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, Panther Creek State Park, and Powell River.
- ATV Riding: Claiborne County is a popular destination for ATV (all-terrain vehicle) enthusiasts, with several designated ATV trails and parks in the area. The Windrock Park, located in Oliver Springs, is one of the largest privately owned off-road parks in the country and offers over 300 miles of ATV trails for riders of all skill levels.
- Hunting: Claiborne County has abundant wildlife, making it a popular destination for hunting. There are several public hunting areas in the county, including the Cumberland Mountain Wildlife Management Area, which offers hunting opportunities for deer, turkey, and small game.
- Golfing: Claiborne County is home to several golf courses, including Woodlake Golf Club, which features an 18-hole championship golf course nestled in the scenic Appalachian Mountains. Golf enthusiasts can enjoy a round of golf while taking in the beautiful views of the surrounding mountains.
- Sports and Recreation Complexes: Claiborne County has sports and recreation complexes that offer facilities for various sports such as baseball, softball, soccer, basketball, and more. These complexes provide opportunities for organized sports leagues, recreational games, and other sports-related activities.
- Community Events and Festivals: Claiborne County hosts numerous community events and festivals throughout the year, such as the Claiborne County Fair, which features carnival rides, livestock exhibits, live music, and other entertainment. These events provide opportunities for community engagement and socializing, and often include recreational activities for all ages.
- Historical and Cultural Exploration: Claiborne County has a rich history and cultural heritage, with several historic sites and museums to explore. Visitors can learn about the region’s history, including its role in the Civil War and early settlement, by visiting museums and historical sites such as Cumberland Gap National Historical Park, Abraham Lincoln Library and Museum, and local historical societies.