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Sinkholes in Cheatham County, TN | Tennessee Sinkholes

Cheatham County, TN Sinkhole Map

Sinkhole Count: 166

Cheatham County, TN FAQs

  • situated in the Middle Tennessee region
  • named after Edward S. Cheatham, a prominent lawyer, legislator, and speaker of the Tennessee House of Representatives in the 19th century

Early History

  • Cheatham County was originally home to Native American tribes, including the Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Shawnee. 
  • European explorers, such as Hernando de Soto, were the first known non-indigenous people to enter the area in the 16th century. However, the region remained largely unsettled until the late 18th century.

Settlement and Formation

  • In the late 18th century, European settlers began to migrate into the area that is now Cheatham County. 
  • first known settlement was established in 1780 by a group of families led by James Robertson, who is known as the “Father of Middle Tennessee.” 
  • The area was initially part of Davidson County, but as the population grew, the need for a separate county arose. 
  • Cheatham County was officially established on February 28, 1856, when it was carved out of parts of Davidson, Dickson, and Montgomery counties.

Civil War and Reconstruction

  • Cheatham County, like many parts of Tennessee, experienced conflict and division. While the county officially remained loyal to the Union, there were skirmishes and raids by Confederate forces, as well as instances of guerrilla warfare
  • during the Reconstruction era, the county went through a period of social and economic upheaval as it grappled with the aftermath of the war and the end of slavery.

Today, Cheatham County is a mix of rural and suburban areas, with a diverse population and a variety of economic activities. It remains an important part of the Middle Tennessee region with a rich history that is preserved through local museums, historical societies, and landmarks.

What are its notable landmarks in Cheatham County, TN?

  • Cheatham Lock and Dam
    • Located on the Cumberland River near Ashland City, Cheatham Lock and Dam is a hydroelectric dam that was completed in the 1950s as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority’s efforts for flood control and hydroelectric power generation. 
    • a significant landmark in Cheatham County, providing recreational opportunities such as boating, fishing, and wildlife viewing.
  • Bell Witch Cave
    • Located in Adams, TN, the Bell Witch Cave is a historic site associated with the famous Bell Witch legend, which is a well-known American folk tale. 
    • said to be the site of paranormal activity that occurred in the early 19th century, involving the Bell family who claimed to be tormented by a malevolent spirit known as the Bell Witch. 
    • Today, it is a popular tourist destination for those interested in paranormal folklore and history.
  • Harpeth River State Park
    • Harpeth River State Park is a scenic park that spans across Cheatham, Davidson, and Williamson counties, with a portion of it located in Cheatham County. 
    • known for its beautiful Harpeth River, which offers opportunities for kayaking, canoeing, fishing, and hiking along its banks. 
    • features several historic sites, including the remnants of a 200-year-old iron forge, making it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and history buffs alike.
  • Ashland City Masonic Lodge No. 604
    • Located in Ashland City, the Ashland City Masonic Lodge No. 604
    • a historic building that dates back to the late 19th century 
    • an example of Classical Revival architecture and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
    • serves as a prominent landmark in Ashland City and is a reminder of the county’s fraternal and social history.
  • Cumberland River Bicentennial Trail
    • a multi-use recreational trail that spans across Cheatham County, running along the Cumberland River
    • offers scenic views of the river, and provides opportunities for hiking, biking, and horseback riding
    • a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts and provides a way to explore the natural beauty of Cheatham County

Boating and Fishing

With the Cumberland River running through the county and the Cheatham Lake formed by the Cheatham Dam, boating and fishing are popular activities in Cheatham County. The river and lake provide opportunities for boating, kayaking, canoeing, and fishing for a variety of species, including bass, catfish, and crappie.

Hiking and Trails

Cheatham County offers several scenic trails and parks for hiking and exploring nature. The Harpeth River State Park, which spans across Cheatham, Davidson, and Williamson counties, features hiking trails that wind along the Harpeth River and offer beautiful views of the surrounding scenery. The Cumberland River Bicentennial Trail is a multi-use recreational trail that runs along the Cumberland River, providing opportunities for hiking, biking, and horseback riding.

Camping and Picnicking

Cheatham County has several parks and recreational areas that offer camping and picnicking facilities. Harpeth River State Park has a campground with RV and tent camping options, as well as picnic areas for families and groups to enjoy. Ashland City Park and Riverbluff Park also have picnic facilities and open spaces for outdoor gatherings.


Cheatham County has a number of public hunting areas managed by the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency. These areas offer opportunities for hunting various game species, including deer, turkey, and small game, in accordance with state regulations.


Cheatham County is home to two golf courses, the Sycamore Valley Golf Course and the Golf Club of Tennessee. These courses offer opportunities for golf enthusiasts to enjoy the sport in a picturesque setting.

Sports and Recreation Facilities

Cheatham County has sports and recreation facilities that offer opportunities for organized sports and recreational activities. The Pegram Park and Community Center, for example, has sports fields, playgrounds, and facilities for various sports and community events.

Wildlife Viewing and Birdwatching

Cheatham County is known for its diverse wildlife, including deer, turkey, migratory birds, and other species. Wildlife viewing and birdwatching are popular activities in the county, with opportunities to observe wildlife in their natural habitats.

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